Brief facts Distribution Apis mellifera is the most commonly domesticated species of honey bees, probably originated in Tropical Africa and spread from there to Northern Europe and East into Asia. Distribution of the species extends from northern Europe to southern Africa, and from the British Isles to the Ural Mountains, western Iran, and the Arabian peninsula. More than 25 subspecies are currently recognized including Apis mellifera scutellata, which after introduction into Brazil apiculture, colonized much of the western hemisphere in less than 50 years thus accomplishing one of most rapid and spectacular biological invasion known.
Description Back to Top Like all Hymenopterans, honey bees have haplo-diploid sex determination. Unfertilized eggs no paternal genetic contribution develop into drones malesand fertilized eggs both maternal and paternal genetic contribution develop into females.
Female larvae that are fed the standard diet of pollennectar, and brood food become adult workers. Female larvae fed a rich diet of royal jelly, pollen, and nectar develop into queens. Worker honey bees are non-reproductive females. They are the smallest in physical size of the three castes and their bodies are specialized for pollen and nectar collection.
Both hind legs of a worker honey bee have a corbicula pollen basket; Fig. Worker honey bees produce wax scales on the underside of their abdomen.
The scales are used to construct the wax comb within the colony Fig. Workers have a barbed stinger that is torn, with the poison sac, from the end of their abdomen when they deploy the sting into a tough-skinned victim.
Worker European honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus, with pollen stored in the corbicula of both hind legs.
Photograph by Susan E. The queen honey bee Fig.
Her head and thorax are similar in size to that of the worker. However, the queen has a longer and plumper abdomen than does a worker.
The queen also has a stinger but its barbs are reduced. Consequently, she does not die when she uses it. An unmarked queen European honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus leftand a queen who has been marked with a small dab of paint right on comb. Drones are the male caste of honey bees. Their abdomen is thick and blunt at the end, appearing bullet-shaped rather than pointy at the end as with the female castes Fig.
Drone male European honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus on the left and a worker European honey bee on the right.
All honey bees undergo complete metamorphosis. This means that they have distinct developmental stages egg, larvae, pupa, and adult; Fig. Typical developmental time from egg to adult varies by caste. Drones have the longest development 24 daysworkers are intermediate 21 daysand queens are the fastest days.
Life stages of a honey bee, adult leftpupa middlelarvae right.
Photographs by Jason Graham and Ashley N. MortensenUniversity of Florida.
Honey bee eggs measure 1 to 1.Apr 04, · Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, and are known for their role in pollination and for producing honey and beeswax. The western honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus, naturally occurs in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.
This species has been subdivided into at least 20 recognized subspecies (or races), none of which are native to the Americas.
Read about Apis mellifera (honey bee) on the Animal Diversity Web. Apis mellifera is native to Europe, western Asia, Demography and life history characteristics of two honey bee races (Apis mellifera). Oecologia, ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store!
The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket . The Western honey bee Apis Mellifera is deficient in certain structural organic structure characteristics to enable a unafraid host-parasite relationship observed in the Eastern honey bee Apis Cerana which over an drawn-out period of clip have coevolved (Rozenkranz et al, ).
The honey badgers team up with the honey guide, a type of bird, in finding and raiding the honey bee comb. Wax moths are detrimental to the honey bee colony for . Apis mellifera is a species of honey bee commonly called the Western honey bee or European honey bee.
Its genus name Apis is Latin for "bee", and mellifera means "honey-bearing". There are currently 29 extant urbanagricultureinitiative.comm: Animalia.