The crucible and hale

A stern, harsh-tongued man, John hates hypocrisy. Nevertheless, he has a hidden sin—his affair with Abigail Williams—that proves his downfall. When the hysteria begins, he hesitates to expose Abigail as a fraud because he worries that his secret will be revealed and his good name ruined.

The crucible and hale

Here is an article originally published in the Spring of in Spectrum, a magazine for Christian teachers. A colleague by the name of Dr. David Barratt responded and I was asked to briefly reply in the following issue of Spectrum. The Crucible and the Classroom: This is perhaps why his so-called moral plays, including The Crucible, have become standard reading in American High Schools and popular set-books for British G.

During these trials suspects were The crucible and hale, twenty of whom were executed for committing crimes in the name of the Devil. The Crucible ought to be of interest to readers of this magazine for several reasons. Firstly, it is a play that many of our children will be confronted with at some time or other during their school or college days.

Secondly, it is an attempt to come to grips with the problem of evil in man and to provide a solution to this problem. Thirdly, Miller puts the blame for much of the evil in American society at the feet of its founder Puritans and their successors whom he identifies with the right-wing enthusiasts of the McCarthian era.

In the case of The Crucible this negligence leaves children wide open to anti-Christian influences. If parents discussed the pros and cons of such plays with their children at home, they would do them a great service. Most teachers of literature are only too happy to find pupils coming up with points of view on set books which are not found in the standard interpretations.

Thus schools may well be fully unaware of the damage such a play as The Crucible can do to the life of a young person who is striving to understand the problem of evil in the world.

There have been perhaps as many films based loosely on the trials as there have been novels and plays. These books and films are all guilty of grossly misrepresenting what actually happened. They depict in detail, for instance, the drinking of blood, dancing naked in the moonlight and adultery galore.

There is, however, no shade of evidence that any of the defendants or their accusers for that matter at the original trials were guilty of any of these things. Many of them were shown to have led very stable, healthy family lives.

Yet Shirley Barker, in her book, even has one of the accused committing adultery with the Devil himself in bodily form. One is tempted to believe that such writers were more superstitious than the seventeenth century people whom they professed to depict. Arthur Miller is perhaps the most radical of all writers on the Salem Witch Trials.

He tells us that, in effect, the trials were a bi-product of the adulterous conduct of a servant girl, Abigail Williams, with a married man, John Proctor. Another servant girl, under the power of Abigail then accused Proctor. The latter, according to Miller, could have been saved from execution if he had been able to prove that he was an adulterer.

His wife, Elizabeth, to whom Proctor had confessed his adultery, could have testified to this fact and thus saved his life. Miller uses this made-up story to depict the triumph of good over evil. Arthur Miller as a Moral Teacher In an article entitled Morality and Modern Drama 2Miller takes up the criticism that there is a lack of moral value in modern plays.

The crucible and hale

Miller can argue in this way as he believes that all men have a basic concept of what is good in their minds. The weakness in this naive argument is clearly seen in the interpretation that Miller gives of Moses and the Ten Commandments. Moses, according to Miller, was able to develop a technique by which he codefied what many people knew to be morally good.

Reverend Hale is summoned to Salem because he is a well-respected minister and an expert in finding witchcraft. He carries with him huge books that show the type of devils and demons involved in. The Crucible is a play by American playwright Arthur Miller. It is a dramatized and partially fictionalized story of the Salem witch trials that took place in the Massachusetts Bay Colony during / Hale and Parris in Arthur Miller's The Crucible At the end of the play, Hale is admired and Parris is despised. The two men are intentionally different in character; Hale .

The writer overlooks the simple fact that whilst Moses was on Mount Sinai, the other Jews were denouncing their leader as an impostor and worshipping the golden calf.

There did not seem to be much awareness of the need for the Ten Commandments amongst them. Thus when Miller makes such statements concerning The Crucible as: The fate of each character is exactly that of his historical model, and there is no one in the drama who did not play a similar — and in some cases exactly the same — role in history 7.

The playwright tells us that, although he knew the story of the trials, he went to Salem to read the town records for the period of the trials to check on the facts.

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This claim must be looked into in detail. This does not meet the historical facts. There was no class war in Salem. There were slaves, servants, wealthy land owners and Harvard graduates both amongst the accusers and the accused. The writer presents most of the people in his play as being land-grabbing, superstitious, vindictive, revengeful, cowardly, adulterous and downright evil.- Hale and Parris in Arthur Miller's The Crucible At the end of the play, Hale is admired and Parris is despised.

The two men are intentionally different in character; Hale . Hale starts out with a Van Helsing-esque vendetta (against witches, not vampires) and ends up a broken, cynical man. With the notable exception of John Proctor, Hale gets our vote for most complex character in The Crucible. Arthur Miller's The Crucible deals with many issues relating to social pressure, the power of hearsay, personal integrity in the face of public hypocrisy, and the costs of hubris.

These ideas are. The Crucible is a partially fictionalised telling of the Salem witch trials. Accusations of witchcraft spiral out of control and many must choose between reputation and integrity.

The Crucible is a play by Arthur Miller. The Crucible study guide contains a biography of Arthur Miller, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

Reverend Hale John Hale, the intellectual, naïve witch-hunter, enters the play in Act I when Parris summons him to examine his daughter, Betty.

In an extended commentary on Hale in Act I, Miller describes him as “a tight-skinned, eager-eyed intellectual.

Study Guide for The Crucible: Literature Guides - A Research Guide