July 8, The Varieties of Religious Experience Healthy-mindedness and repentance— Essential pluralism of the healthy-minded philosophy— Morbid-mindedness: This religion directs him to settle his scores with the more evil aspects of the universe by systematically declining to lay them to heart or make much of them, by ignoring them in his reflective calculations, or even, on occasion, by denying outright that they exist. Evil is a disease; and worry over disease is itself an additional form of disease, which only adds to the original complaint. Even repentance and remorse, affections which come in the character of ministers of good, may be but sickly and relaxing impulses.
Educated by tutors and at private schools in New York. Family moves to Europe.
William attends school in Geneva, Paris, and Boulogne-sur-Mer; develops interests in painting and science. Family settles in Geneva, where William studies science at Geneva Academy; then returns to Newport when William decides he wishes to resume his study of painting. William abandons painting and enters Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard.
Enters Harvard School of Medicine. Returns to medical school. Suffers eye strain, back problems, and suicidal depression in the fall. Travels to Europe for health and education: Severe depression in the fall. Depression and poor health continue.
Accepts offer from President Eliot of Harvard to teach undergraduate course in comparative physiology. Accepts an appointment to teach full year of anatomy and physiology, but postpones teaching for a year to travel in Europe.
Begins teaching psychology; establishes first American psychology laboratory. Marries Alice Howe Gibbens. Appointed Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Harvard. Continues to teach psychology. Teaches psychology and philosophy at Harvard: Briefer Course with Henry Holt. Publishes Talks to Teachers on Psychology: Becomes active member of the Anti-Imperialist League, opposing U.
All were reprinted in Essays in Radical Empiricism His partially completed manuscript published posthumously as Some Problems of Philosophy. Dies of heart failure at summer home in Chocorua, New Hampshire.
Survival, James asserts, is merely one of many interests human beings have: We are all teleological creatures at base, James holds, each with a set of a priori values and categories.
When he gets the marks, he may know that he has got the rationality. The ideal philosopher, James holds, blends these two passions of rationality, and even some great philosophers go too far in one direction or another: Sentiments of rationality operate not just in logic or science, but in ordinary life.
James is sympathetic both to the idea that the universe is something we can be intimate with and to the idea that it is wild and unpredictable.
Certainly it is always seen in the philosophy of William James. Little, Brown,pp. In fact he takes a number of methodological approaches in the book. As the book moves along, he involves himself in discussions with philosophers—for example with Hume and Kant in his hundred-page chapter on the self, and he finds himself making metaphysical claims that anticipate his later pragmatism, as when he writes: The rhythm of a lost word may be there without a sound to clothe it….
Our father and mother, our wife and babes, are bone of our bone and flesh of our flesh. When they die, a part of our very selves is gone. If they do anything wrong, it is our shame. If they are insulted, our anger flashes forth as readily as if we stood in their place.
There is an excitement during the crying fit which is not without a certain pungent pleasure of its own; but it would take a genius for felicity to discover any dash of redeeming quality in the feeling of dry and shrunken sorrow PP We answer by consents or non-consents and not by words.The sick soul is the most interesting to me; James described this type of believer as one who grapples with the evils of life and takes on religion even if it causes distress.
The sick soul doubts, is frustrated, struggles with God and faith, and yet sticks with it. William James’s “Sick-Minded Soul” and the AA Recovery Paradigm: Time for a Reappraisal Tony Bevacqua1 and Edward Hoffman2 Abstract This article focuses on William James’s influence on Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), which arose 25 years after his death to dominate alcoholism treatment.
But William James, in The Varieties of Religious Experience, went a little further: he preferred the terms "healthy-minded" and "sick soul". James was not only describing human dispositions but explaining how people possessed of different instincts and attitudes approached the subject of religion.
VLE Revision RS3CS – Unit 4 LMR 10/11 William James – Healthy Mindedness and the Sick Soul In his work ‘The Varieties of Religious Experience’ (), William James examined the reasons why some people seem to be happy all the time, even in.
This article focuses on William James’s influence on Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), which arose 25 years after his death to dominate alcoholism treatment ever since as a lay organization.
With its early leaders admiringly referring to James as AA’s “cofounder,” AA and the numerous step programs it has spawned have generally enjoyed a favorable reputation among humanistic psychologists.
James's acutely sympathetic perspective on the "sick soul" in The Varieties of Religious Experience is certainly a reflection of his intimate character.
The milieu of James's famous family of origin created, in the case of William, the oldest child, a crisis in his ability to be independent.